Plus: are Chelsea set to make European history?; which chairmen have turned out as players?; and the great Indonesian World Cup coin mystery. Send your questions and answers to firstname.lastname@example.org and follow us on Twitter
"Catching up on recent editions of the Knowledge, I spotted the archive comment about Milan being founded by the first English player to play outside the UK," beard-stroked Mark Goodge a couple of weeks ago. "A quick skim of the relevant Wikipedia article confirmed this (not that I'd doubt you, oh no), and also added the salient fact that the club continues to use the English spelling of the city (Milan rather than Milano) in honour of its origins. So, I was wondering whether there are any other examples of well-known clubs which also have their official name (or part of it) in a non-native language? (And no, Welsh clubs with English names don't count)."
Thanks to the collective efforts of Steve Jelbert, John Allen, Stefan Kubiczyn, Tim Dockery, Barry Etheridge, Alasdair Brooks, Ciaran Neeson, Michael Haughey and Paul Vickers we can conclude that there are indeed plenty, some with rather involved back stories. This list is by no means exhaustive, but we reckon it's a very decent start:
Albirex Niigata The team name is made from combining the star Albireo of the constellation Cygnus (the Swan) and the Latin word Rex meaning "king".
Omiya Ardija Ardija is a transcription of the Spanish language ardilla (squirrel) which is the mascot of Omiya and the park in which their home stadium is located.
Cerezo Osaka Cerezo means cherry tree in Spanish, and is also the flower of Osaka city.
Shonan Bellmare Bellmare is derived from the Latin "bellum" for "beautiful" and "mare" for "sea".
Yokohama F-Marinos Marinos means "sailors" in Spanish. (The F stands for flugels, the German for wings, from when they merged with the other Yokohama based team.)
Kawasaki Frontale Frontal in Italian
Oita Trinita Trinita can be considered either a combination of the English word trinity and Oita, or the Italian word trinita.
Nagoya Grampus Grampus being the Latin name of the Risso dolphin.
Jubilo Iwata Júbilo means joy in Portuguese.
Urawa Red Diamonds Diamonds are the logo of Mitsubishi.
Kashiwa Reysol The Sun Kings
Sanfrecce Hiroshima Sanfrecce is a portmanteau of the Japanese numeral for three, San, and an Italian word frecce or arrows.
Shimizu S-Pulse S-Pulse is a combination of the S from Shizuoka, Shimizu, supporter and soccer, and pulse from English to mean the spirit of all those who support the team.
Vegalta Sendai The names of the two celestial stars of the Tanabata legend, Vega and Altair were combined to form Vegalta.
Ventforet Kofu The word "Ventforet" is coined combining two French words vent ("Wind") and forêt ("Forest").
Red Bull Salzburg Rather than "Rot Stier".
FK Austria Wien As opposed to Oesterreich.
KV Mechelen The official club name is Yellow Red Koninklijke Voetbalclub Mechelen.
Ajax From the Greek.
Go Ahead Eagles
Heracles As Ajax.
Sparta As Ajax.
Vitesse Arnhem (itesse is French for speed.
Alemannia Aachen Alemannia is the Latin name for Germany.
Borussia Dortmund Borussia being Latin for the German Preussen, ie Prussia.
Borussia Mönchengladbach As above.
Juventus Derived from iuventus, or youth in Latin
Hellas Verona As opposed to Grecia Verona.
Milan Rather than Milano.
Genoa English for Genova.
Polonia Warszawa Using the Latin name for Poland.
Polonia Bytom As above.
KS Cracovia The Latin name of the city of Krakow.
Resovia Rzeszow The Latin and Polish names for the city of Rzeszow.
Sporting Clube de Portugal (rather than the Portuguese Esportivo or Desportivo)
Sporting de Braga (as above)
Athletic Bilbao (as opposed to Atlético)
Racing Santander (as opposed to Carrera)
Sporting de Gijón (as opposed to Deportivo)
BSC Young Boys Rather than BSC Jungen.
Grasshopper Club Zurich Founded by English students. The German would be Heuschrecke Club Zurich.
Club Deportivo Chivas USA With Chivas meaning "goats", the nickname of the parent club in Guadalajara Mexico.
Real Salt Lake As in Real Madrid.
Sport Club Corinthians Paulista Both "sport club" and "Corinthians" are English; it would be "esporte clube" in Portuguese. See also: Sport Club Internacional.
Fluminense Football Club The Portuguese would be "Fluminense Futebul Clube". See also: Grêmio Foot-Ball Porto Alegrense and Coritiba Foot Ball Club.
River Plate The Spanish name for the river being "Río de la Plata".
Boca Juniors While "junior" can now mean "younger" for Spanish-language sports, the plural "juniors" here was an English-language formation – and the team was part-founded by an Irish boxer. See also: Argentinos Juniors
Newell's Old Boys
Arsenal de Sarandí
Chaco For Ever As opposed to Chaco Por Siempre.
Nacional Officially they are Club Nacional de Football,, not the Spanish "Fútbol".
River Plate Not to be confused with the more famous counterpart in Buenos Aires.
Club Blooming Named after the flourishing – blooming – youth of Santa Cruz.
Santiago Wanderers Who confusingly, play in Valparaiso, more than 100km outside Santiago.
O'Higgins Very debatable since it's actually named after Bernardo O'Higgins, the first president of Chile.
Lima Cricket Peru's first ever domestic champions – still active in lower league Peruvian football – and surely worth an honourable mention.
"It dawned on me recently that if Chelsea were to go on and win the Europa League this year on 15 May that, for a period of 10 days, they would be the holders of both major European trophies (as well as being technically the holders of the Cup-Winners' Cup)," wonders Brian Quinn. "Has there ever been another brief period like this when a team held two European honours simultaneously? Perhaps going back to when there were three distinct European competitions?"
Chelsea will indeed claim a unique honour if they triumph at the Amsterdam Arena in May. Only four sides have ever won different European competitions in consecutive years – Juventus, Milan, Porto and Liverpool - and in each instance the teams were deposed as holders of one trophy before getting their hands on the other.
Milan won the much-missed Cup Winners' Cup on 23 May 1968, but Slovan Bratislava were crowned the new champions on 21 May 1969, seven days before Milan hammered Ajax in the Bernabéu to win the 1969 European Cup. Similarly Juventus won the Cup Winners' Cup on 16 May 1984, but Everton won that tournament almost exactly a year later on 15 May 1985, a fortnight before Juventus won the European Cup in a final overshadowed by the Heysel tragedy.
Likewise, Porto fell a week short in 2002-03 and 2003-04 after winning the Uefa Cup then the Champions League under Jose Mourinho, as did Liverpool between their Uefa Cup and European Cup wins in 1975-76 and 1976-77.
"I read your story on the most likeable players, and the section on Juninho brought back fond memories," writes Archie Whirlwind. "I looked the fellow up on Wikipedia, and read there that he ended his career as player-president of his youth club Ituano. I have never heard of anyone being player-president, player-chairman or holding similar posts in a club while playing on a professional level. Is this case unique?"
They don't exactly fit the bill, but two that instantly spring to mind are the larger-than-life figures of John Ryan and Zhu Jen.
The Doncaster chairman Ryan became the oldest player to appear for a professional British club when he made a substitute appearance for Rovers in 2003. At the age of 52 years and 11 months Ryan made a brief cameo at Edgar Street as Rovers came from behind to beat Hereford 4-2.
"I came on when the ref put his board up for an extra three minutes of injury time," said Ryan. "I didn't actually get a kick of the ball but I had a good run around."
Also having a good run around was Zhu, owner of Shanghai Shenhua, who was in the starting XI when his side faced Liverpool in a friendly in 2007. He was substituted after five minutes. And the 45-year-old repeated the trick in May this year, this time lasting 45 minutes alongside a presumably nonplussed Nicolas Anelka in the Shenhua attack against Argentina CN Sports.
"He's played in games before to let us see his love for football," said the Shenhua manager Sergio Batista before the game. "No matter if he appears on or off the pitch, I look forward to him standing shoulder to shoulder with us in battle."
Any more for any more? Send them to the usual address – email@example.com
"There's a buzz in the local blogosphere that an Indonesian coin was used by Jack Taylor, the Englishman who refereed the 1974 World Cup final between Holland and West Germany. Why? Why? Why?" pleaded Ujang Salemba back in 2006.
Reader Anthony Knight was all over this one. "Jack Taylor used the coin for the game as it had been specially crafted by the Indonesian mint – only three were made, one of which was presented to Taylor for his services to football and it was very heavy." There's even a picture of it on this website, if that floats your boat.
For thousands more questions and answers take a trip through the Knowledge archive
Feyenoord have just signed a shirt sponsorship deal with Opel from 2013 to 2017," writes Marten Bart. "The car company were previously the club's shirt sponsors in the late 80s. Has any other club ever returned to a previous shirt sponsor after a gap of more than a decade?"
"In three of the four Scottish league divisions the leaders are at least 20 points clear," notes Derek Brosnan. "Has any country's league season ever been so uncompetitive throughout its divisions?"
"Back in the season 1988-89 my hometown team, Vojvodina Novi Sad, became champions of the then very strong Yugoslavian first league despite winning only three of their 17 away matches," begins Bogdan Kotarlic. "I suppose that in the history of football there have been cases when teams finished first in their leagues with even worse away record. Am I right?"
"As a Newcastle fan," cheers Masai Graham. "I was proud to see our young defender Curtis Good (who we loaned to Bradford) play at Wembley in the League Cup final. I also then realised Brad Inman (on loan at Crewe Alexandra) is set to play at Wembley in the Johnstone's Paint Trophy final. So, is that a record or have any other team had more loaned out players reach a cup final in the same season?"
Send your questions and answers to firstname.lastname@example.org
• This article has been amended since its first publication to include Porto's and Liverpool's achievements in Europe in the question about Chelsea. Thanks to the readers who pointed out this omission