Deloitte's football money league 2013 is out and it reveals that Real Madrid has not only topped the list once again but that the Spanish club has become the first sports club to surpass the €500m revenue threshold in a single year.
The 16th edition of the annual guide to the globe's top revenue-earning teams places Real Madrid top, with FC Barcelona and Manchester United taking second and third place respectively.
Real Madrid recorded a 7% increase in revenue to achieve a total revenue of €512.6m in 2011/12. The club have held their place as leading club on the list for the eighth consecutive season. The report highlights the considerable revenue growth Real Madrid have achieved. Owen Gibson writes today:
The Deloitte report paints a picture of ongoing revenue growth for Europe's top clubs, despite the recession that has gripped the continent, thanks to improved commercial deals and increased TV income. Bull said the top four clubs were continuing to pull away from the rest in revenue terms. Real Madrid's annual income is double that of Milan's in eighth place.
It should be noted that broadcasting revenues in La Liga are negotiated individually, with the result that Madrid and Barcelona each pocketed €140m last season out of a league total of €655m, giving a top-to-median ratio of almost 10:1.
The top 20 clubs on the list generated over €4.8bn in 2011/12 - a 10% increase on the previous year. It is also four times the combined revenues of the top 20 in 1996/97.
There are seven English clubs in the list; Manchester United, Chelsea, Arsenal, Manchester City, Liverpool, Tottenham Hotspur and Newcastle. Drops in ranking were seen by Internazionale, Schalke 04 and AS Roma, with each falling by four places.
Newcastle have re-entered the top 20 after a three year absence. Deloitte attribute a £7.1m increase in broadcast revenue as the main reason behind the return to the list. Newcastle also finished fifth in the Premier League in 2011/12.
Broadcasting revenues, particularly for more performance-volatile teams such as Newcastle, Hamburg and Marseille, can fluctuate considerably from one season to the next, tied as they are to performance levels and tournament participation.
By this logic, Hamburg's place in the top 20 is the most secure of this particular trio, with TV money accounting for 19% of its revenues last season, compared to 52% and 59% for Marseille and Newcastle respectively.
Hamburg's revenue mix is typical of the Bundesliga's representatives in the top 20, all of whom bring in 48% or more of their total from commercial sources.
For the purpose of the international comparisons, all figures for the 2011/12 season have been translated at 30 June 2012 exchange rates (£1 = €1.236) by Deloitte. The tables below show the top 20 teams on the football money league with details of revenue by club for 2011/12 and 2010/11 and where the money comes from. The spreadsheet includes additional data including clubs immediately below the money league top 20.
Download the data
• SOURCE: Deloitte football money league 2013